Settings to make Fanuc programming easier (From all of us)

  • Hello all
    I wanted to do this for a long time. A compilation of information that generally takes hours to find on manuals (if you can find them)
    This is a contribution from of all us


    I will collect the info from posts that I find beneficial (You can PM to help me)
    I'm going to try to keep clean, just info, no comments, no thanks , just pure info
    It will be and sticky and it will be locked.


    On my first day collecting information I realized that's almost impossible to do it without modifying the original post. That brings the point that I should not copy and modify somebody post without the author permission. I'm just writing the author name to clarify where the info came from. For more clear details just search for the actual post


    Fabian

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  • From Nations, lexx905,RobAuto




    Rack:
    0 process I/O boards (also memory image)
    16 AB or Genius I/O
    32 Slave SLC2 I/O
    33 internal relay/register
    34 flag marker
    35 always on/off port Slot 0 = OFF Slot 1 = ON
    36 DCS port
    48 address mapped I/O for LR Mate Peripheral connectors
    64 ME-NET
    65 INTERBUS-S
    66 PROFIBUS DP master
    67 PROFIBUS DP slave
    68 FL-net
    69 FL-net status
    70 InterBus-S master
    71 InterBus-S slave
    72 IO-LINK II master
    73 IO-LINK II slave
    74 FIPIO master
    75 FIPIO slave
    81 first DeviceNet board
    82 Used by DeviceNet
    83 Used by DeviceNet
    84 Used by DeviceNet
    85 controlnet; also used 86
    86 Used by ControlNet
    87 RoboWeld
    88 Ethernet Global Data (GE-EGD I/O)
    89 EthernetIP (ControlNet over ethernet) I/O
    90 Arclink Rack Number
    91 WTC Serial Weld Controller I/O
    92 CC-Link RD
    93 InterBus PxC PCI master
    94 InterBus PxC PCI slave
    95 InterBus PxC PCI cmd
    96 Modbus TCP
    97 TOYOPUC PC3J Interface
    98 InterBus PxC Slave interface
    99 PROFINET I/O Controller
    100 PROFINET I/O Device
    101 Dual Channel Profinet I/O Controller V9
    102 Dual Channel Profinet I/O Device V9
    106 EtherCat

  • From soenderhegn



    To stop running program do these steps.


    Step 1. UI8 enable =OFF and program Will stop.
    Step 2. Pulse UI4 Cstop 200 ms and main program will start from first Line
    Step 3. Send new job from plc.
    Step 4. Pulse UI start 150 ms an program Will restart when UI start goes low

    Retired but still helping

    Edited once, last by Fabian Munoz ().

  • From HawkME, dmbj, scotty, Jaycephus


    There are a few options for "zones".


    1) is reference positions, standard feature, which are not cubes, but a recorded point with joint angle tolerances. If you open up the tolerances you can create larger zones of varying shapes, but it may be hard to visualize.
    2) is space check, paid feature, which is a true zone function like you would expect.
    3) is DCS, paid feature, which the main purpose is for safety, but does allow you to create zones that do not trigger any stop functions, just turn a bit on or off.
    4) is create your own program using $MCH_POS, LPOS or JPOS to determine the current position.


    I believe MCH_POS only updates in auto mode and outputs in world coords, you would have to test this. LPOS outputs in whatever the current UF & UT is, so if you want it in world, then set UF to 0 just before reading LPOS. Also, keep in mind that if the move prior to LPOS is CNT it will trigger LPOS before the move is complete.


    Set $SCR_GRP[1]$M_POS_ENB to true and use the variable:
    $SCR_GRP[1].$MCH_ANG[1] replace the 1 with what ever axis you want to monitor
    or
    $SCR_GRP [ 1 ].$MCH_POS_(X/Y/Z/W/P/R) to tell my PLC the robot positions in the world.






    1) $SCR_GRP[1].$MCH_ANG is live and is a functional replacement for JPOS, and is faster if you just want a single joint, as you have mentioned already.
    2) $SCR_GRP[1].$MCH_POS_(X/Y/Z/W/P/R) is not live, and is in World coords only, as you mentioned, BUT it only updates at the point of a move command when running a program (auto or manual execution).


    So, to effectively $MCH_POS_(X/Y/Z/W/P/R) as live data, after a manual jog may have occurred, you would need to assign JPOS or all of the $SCR_GRP[1].$MCH_ANG angles to a PR, move to that position (zero motion to current position), and then the $SCR_GRP[1].$MCH_POS_(X/Y/Z/W/P/R) values will be updated to current.


    (LPOS and JPOS would be usually preferred, but I have a configuration-issue that makes LPOS and JPOS fault out, currently, so I looked into using these System variables as alternatives.)

    Retired but still helping

    Edited once, last by Fabian Munoz ().

  • From Racermike123



    This alarm occurs when the robot positional data that is stored in the CPU does not match the positional data of the pulse coders.
    Mastering is not necessarily required but it could be. As in the instance of restoring an image that has different mastering data.
    I suggest jogging the robot to zero and verifying the witness marks. If all is OK RES_PCA, cycle power, set $DMR_GRP[1].$MASTER_DONE=TRUE, and calibrate

    Retired but still helping

  • From Jay Mackey,stare284



    FANUC Robots have a gigantic list of system variables, many of which are normally aren't meant to be accessed, and may not be documented for one reason or another. Many are for internal use and are read only, but some dramatically affect performance and are writable, at the least during Controlled Start, if not normal Start.


    System Variables that affect performance:
    $Group[1].$USEMAXACCEL - enables 'fast acceleration' feature
    $Group[1].$MAX_SPEED - Not described in manual
    $MCR_GRP[1].$fjog_enb - Fast Jogging Mode Enable

    System Variables for Status
    $MCR.$GENOVERRIDE: This is the system variable that changes when you hit the +% and -% buttons.
    $MOR.$safety_stat
    The value must be decoded, according to the software reference manual, it is bit coded as follows:
    1 MFS_EMGOP
    2 MFS_EMGTP
    4 MFS_DEADMAN
    8 MFS_FENCE
    16 MFS_ROT
    32 MFS_HBK
    64 MFS_EMGEX
    128 MFS_PPABN
    256 MFS_BELTBREAK
    512 MFS_ENABLE
    1024 MFS_FALM

    Other System Variables (some of these can be set from System:Config, or other places in the interface.)
    $ALM_IF.ENABLE = TRUE ($ALM_IF.LAST_ALM and $ALM_IF.LAST_UALM)
    $CR_AUTO_DO - set for DO to indicate robot is in Auto, integer in the range of configured DO
    $CR_T1_DO - set for DO to indicate robot is in Teach mode, integer in the range of configured DO
    $DMAURST = TRUE - Auto Deadman reset. Teach pendant resets robot faults, enables servos as soon as deadman switch pressed when in Teach mode (T1).
    $GENOV_ENB = TRUE - Speed override enabled.
    $SCR.$RUNOVLIM: will control the speed globally in any program during T1 non-step mode and i believe fully automatic. So even if you set an override in a TP program higher than this system variable, the system variable will override it.
    $SCR.$JOGLIM: The percentage of system maximum speed you can jog the robot. maximum of 250mm/sec. (applies for T1 non-step and step)
    $SCR.$JOGOVLIM: The global override for non-step mode T1 speed. Careful with this one as if you turn it to 100 you may see a fault occasionally because it reaches over 250mm/sec.
    $SCR.$COLDOVRD: Default speed set when you reboot the robot.
    $MCR_GRP[1].$PRGOVERRIDE: - this is a programmable/secret scaling factor for override, affects programs to make them run slower even though the General Override is set to 100%. (default=100=100%, full speed)
    $PARAM_GROUP[1].$SV_OFF_TIME - allow setting timeout for brake activation, per axis, as in after jogging and holding deadman. By default, brakes activate after 20 seconds.


    These are only writeable when the SFSPD signal is OFF. (Either change in Control Start mode, or set SFSPD off.)
    $SCR.$SFJOGOVLIM: SAFETY JOG SPEED LIMIT
    $SCR.$SFRUNOVLIM: PROGRAM RUN OVERRIDE LIMIT (in T1 mode, use to allow 100% manual Run mode)


    *Though these manual-mode jog and run speed changes can massively speed up your development time, I recommend setting them back to original settings when putting the robot into service. Inexperienced or average users could crash the robot much more easily.



    $SHELL_WRK.$curr_line contains the current line value

    Retired but still helping

    Edited once, last by Fabian Munoz ().

  • From Nation


    In solid works, you have to setup a coordinate system to match the faceplate coordinate system, then output the COG and the moments of inertia about the COG in that coordinate system. You only need the principal axis, boxed in red in the attached image. You also need to convert solid work's output from grams*mm2 to kg*m2.


    If you want to do it by hand, the HandlingTool manual goes over how to calculate moments of inertia in the payload section.

  • From bmello




    BACKGROUND LOGIC PROGRAM DI_CAPTURE POSITION_ABORT (scan rate at 8MS)


    WHEN DI[1]=(1), UI[2: HOLD]=PULSE, 0.2SEC Hold program with UOP
    PR[1]=LPOS Write current cartesian point to position register
    R[1]=1 Set register to indicate program was paused (will be used in TP program)
    UI[4: CSTOPI]=PULSE,0.2SEC Abort program UOP
    UI[5: RESET]=PULSE,0.2SEC Fault reset UOP
    WAIT 1.0 SEC
    UI[18: PRODUCTION START]=PULSE,0.2SEC Production start UOP


    PROGRAM MAIN_MOTION


    LBL[1: START]
    IF R[1]=1 JMP LBL[2] If last program was aborted
    IF R[1]=0 JMP LBL[3] If last program was not aborted


    LBL[2: RETRACT TO HOME AND WAIT]
    L P[1: POUNCE] 250mm/s CNT50
    SET R[1]=0
    L P[2: HOME] 250mm/s FINE
    WAIT DI[2]
    JMP LBL[1]


    LBL[3: RUN PROCESS]
    L P[1: POUNCE] 250mm/s CNT50
    L PR[1: PROC_START] 250mm/s FINE Using the PR that was saved when the program paused
    L P[2: PROC_END] 100mm/s FINE
    L P[1: POUNCE] 250mm/s CNT50
    L P[1: HOME] 250mm/s CNT50

    Retired but still helping

  • From Robo_Eng_13



    1. Linear moves and their finicky speed behaviors. The way Fanuc robots calculate their speeds and apply their speed limits do not line up very well, and this is what causes your axis issues on linear moves. Your robot has a TCP linear speed limit, as well as individual axis speed limits. In a joint move, the robot compares every joint to its speed limit, and sets each to the fastest speed they can be set to and still reach their target at the same time. This means that axes traveling a short distance will move very slowly, while axes traveling a large distance will travel as fast as their speed limit allows them. With a linear move, the robot checks if the command speed is legal to its linear speed limit, then calculates the joint speeds necessary to maintain that speed across the linear move. Unfortunately, it does not check any of those joint speeds against any of the joint speed limits.


    Practically, this means you have to be very careful of a lot of odd details of linear moves. The biggest thing we run into is having a short absolute distance with a large posture change. The short distance and the speed it is given tell it that it needs to arrive at its destination in a very short time. It then tries to rev all the axes to max and beyond to get to the new posture in that time limit. Then, ESTOP, fault, bad day. In so far as avoiding this goes, here are my suggestions.


    A. Break up posture changes between multiple points.


    B. Only use linear moves for approach, retreat, and action points. Air cuts should usually be joint.


    C. Test your program at low speed and work your way up. You will get a feel for what moves will cause problems.


    D. When welding, it is important to have a very constant travel speed. We solved this by using an external axis turn table and moving the part under the weld tip.


    2. CNT 100 means the robot will round the corner as close to the point as possible while still maintaining 100% of its speed. CNT 50 will cut the corner a bit less, coming closer to the command position, maintaining 50% of its speed. CNT 0 and FINE in theory behave the same, but some testing a results reported here suggest they do not. FINE will go to the exact command position.


    In general, similar to linear moves, you will have high CNT moves on air cuts, and FINE moves on approach, retreat, and action points.


    A. Be mindful of CNT at different speeds. By their very nature, they take a different path at different speeds. We have punched a servo off of a robot because our techs were trying to cut the path as close as they could and then turned the speed up.


    B. Make all reference positions that trigger a needed output FINE, or tweak their windows until it encompasses a wide drive by.


    C. Again, with welding the path and speed are critical. We use the external axis to complete the entire weld in one move, rather than risk acceleration and declaration from multiple FINE moves.


    Conclusions, it sounds like you are already doing pretty good. I understand feeling like you have marked C as the answer for too many questions in a row, but in this case, the answer really is C a whole lot of the time.

    Retired but still helping

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